Tag Archives: Post-Medieval

On Salt and Scottish soldiers: a pair of lectures this week

CBA North News
Today’s email title sounds like the cabbages and kings of the walrus in Lewis Carroll’s The Jabberwocky, but it is so this week. There are a pair of two lectures that we know about this week – both at the northern edge of our CBA North region. But both have stories to tell beyond their immediate area and internationally so.

Best wishes,

CBA North Committee, 05.06.2017

Salt
The next lecture of the Border Archaeological Society lecture is tonight at 7.30pm at Berwick Parish Church Hall, Berwick, on The Needles Eye Enclosure: salt production in the Late Iron Age by Jenny Proctor. This important site was partly excavated to reveal an extensive, and well dated, settlement dating from the late 4th century BC to the Romano-British period.

The arch of Needles Eye north of Berwick
Photo © Phil Catterall (cc-by-sa/2.0)

The site takes its name from the Needles Eye rock arch in the cliffs shown above. The excavation of this site currently provides the most northerly evidence of salt production in prehistoric Britain, but more regional links with the Cheviots are also hinted at. All will be explained tonight.

Scottish Soldiers
Also this week is the next lecture of the Till Valley Archaeological Society which is also at 7.30pm at Crookham Village Hall, though this is on the Wednesday night.

This talk will also highlight further national – and indeed international – links of events that happened in our local area. We’ve covered earlier some of the earlier events on these soldiers at Durham. Further information on this project, and the range of work carried out, can now also be found here.

Details for both groups can be found through the Local Societies and Groups page of our website.

The varied landscapes of the CBA North region (and beyond)

CBA North News

Now well into February, we are well into the programmes of the local groups and societies all across the CBA North region. As you will recall we cover everywhere between the Scottish Border south to Lancashire and Yorkshire (are we the only thing that would unite those two historic counties so flippantly?). Today we have notices for a variety of landscapes across the CBA North region (and a bit beyond as well).

 Our landscapes include a review of coastal fieldwork in 2016 as well as the announcements in Yorkshire following from previously covered investigations of  ‘Cade’s Road’ (as ‘the bit beyond’) and from Northumberland for the landscapes of the Peregrini Partnership and Hexham Abbey, with a nod to the second Tyne and Wear Heritage Forum’s annual conference in between. 

We will also be letting you know soon of the details for our main CBA North events this year. Both are planned to take place in Newcastle with the 29th April confirmed and 20 May to be confirmed; save both of these dates in your diary if you can! We always try to avoid the dates of other similar organisations where we can. Hopefully we will be able to give you more details of these, as well as recent work by the committee on your behalf, to you in our next set of emails.

Best wishes,

CBA North Committee, 12.02.2017

Local Group Round-up: CITiZAN across CBA North
Andy Sherman and Megan Clement have written the review below of their 2016 across CBA North’s two coasts. We announced their various events throughout the course of last year, here you can see the fruits of their labours on both east and west coasts;

“In 2016 CITiZAN (the Coastal and Inter Tidal Zone Archaeology Network) ran several outreach and training events in CBA North’s region including examining a prehistoric peatshelf on the beach at Blyth, recording post-medieval saltpans in Maryport and surveying the remains of a First World War sea-plane base on Tyneside. As well as being out on the foreshore and the riverside Andy and Megan have spoken at archaeological groups, museums and heritage centres around the region discussing everything coastal.

They have also been running introductory sessions with Young Archaeologist Clubs, Duke of Edinburgh groups and Girl Guide troops, introducing the next generation of heritage enthusiasts to coastal and inter-tidal archaeology. Here our youngest trainees learn about the features you find on the foreshore and why it’s important to record them, as well as being told about some the dangers they might face if they venture into the inter-tidal zone unaccompanied. The CITiZAN North team ran a total of ten outreach and training events across Cumbria, Northumberland and Tyneside in 2016.


Members of the public brave a cold, blustery August day to talk about prehistoric submerged landscapes in Blyth

In July CITiZAN North investigated the foreshore along the Howick coast which today is known for its recreational use with coastal footpaths and holiday cottages. In the 19th century the coast was owned by the Grey family and was known for a different sort of recreation. The second Earl Grey (Charles Grey, Prime Minster from 1830-1834) built a bathing house for his children and wife. He also had two, small rock-cut pools cut into the foreshore, which would have heated up much quicker than the surrounding sea, for his family to swim in. Earlier in the summer CITiZAN identified a third rock-cut pool a short distance along the coast south of the bathing house that our volunteers helped us record.


CITiZAN volunteers and staff discuss the 2nd Earl Grey’s bathing pool on the Howick foreshore

On a sunnier day in August we investigated the lime processing industry in the Northumberland village of Beadnell. Lime is a versatile product used for a wide range of things from the building industry to agriculture. The material has been processed in Beadnell for hundreds of years with the earliest known kiln having been found on a short promontory known as Ebb’s Nook and archaeomagnetically-dated to c1480-1520 AD. Perhaps the most well-known lime kilns in Beadnell are those constructed in the late-18th century by John Wood and later converted to smoke fish in the 19th century.

A short distance north of the harbour is a lime kiln eroding out of the edge of Dell Point, one of four kilns marked on an estate map of 1759. CITiZAN’s volunteers photographed and drew the remains of this kiln preserving it in record before it is fully destroyed by the sea.

CITiZAN staff and volunteers establishing a section line early in the morning so that a scale drawing of the remains of the Dell Point lime kiln can be made

As part of the training sessions our volunteers are show how to use our app, which can be downloaded on to Apple and Android devices such as smart phones and tablets. The app enables people to record, photograph and geo-locate archaeological features they find on the foreshore.  As well as allowing people to explore our interactive map and discover heritage sites along the English coast.


A CITiZAN volunteer recording part of the submerged forest at Howick using the projects app

Over the summer CITiZAN filmed three television programmes on the archaeology of the coast for Channel 4. The first of these programmes was filmed along the Northumberland coast featuring heritage sites in Beadnell and Howick including the lime kilns and rock-cut bathing pools mentioned above. The programme also featured the wreck of the early-20th century French fishing trawler the Tadorne. Little remains of the wreck on the foreshore now, although part of the partially salvaged boiler from the trawler can be seen rearing above the jagged rocks of the foreshore at low tide.


Filming with cast and crew of Britain at Low Tide at the wreck of the Tadorne

The three television programmes can still be download from More4 if you would like to watch them.  If you are interested in exploring and recording the heritage of England’s coastline you can download our app here.

To keep up to date with the exciting events CITiZAN North are hosting around the coast of the north of England visit: this page“.

Andy Sherman and Megan Clement
CITiZAN, 08.02.2017

[As a stop-press footnote addition to the review Andy also writes “We’re currently looking at several events in the CBA North’s region and are slowly ironing out the various permissions, timings etc. We’ll keep you updated on progress”. Watch this space for more details, Ed.].

Thornton le Street Heritage Lottery Fund Project
John Sheenan writes to tell us that;

“Thornton le Street History Group are launching their Heritage Lottery Fund supported archaeology and history project with an open day to be held in the village hall on Saturday 18th February between 10.00 am and 4.00 pm. Anyone interested in participating is invited to come along, see what is involved and register their interest.
 
Thornton le Street is a typical Vale of York village with extensive evidence of early occupation. The project will study the history of the village and its surrounding area which contains a substantial Scheduled Monument site, a watermill, a river ford, an early church, and landed estates. Two Roman roads are said to converge at this point and it is hoped to resolve whether the village is Roman or medieval in origin.
 
Jim Brightman of Solstice Heritage, who recently led a community archaeology project at Kiplin Hall in the nearby Vale of Mowbray, will supervise the project which will be of 18 months duration. Training and practical experience will be provided in archaeological fieldwork and historical documentary research. The latest digital recording will be used which will be incorporated into a bespoke website which will be developed by the participants.  
 
If you cannot attend on the day, a project synopsis is available on the village website or you can contact John Sheehan on 01609 771878 or at jgsheehan@btinternet.com“.

Events listed on the CBA North website
Our Events page has now settled for a while. Though many of the February events have been and gone, there are a few still to come in the regular programmes of the Lunesdale and Teesside Archaeological Societies covering the Neolithic of the northwest, as well as the mysteriously titled Dance of Death.

Please let us know any questions, comments or information that you have or want publicising by emailing cbanorth@archaeologyuk.org. We have been emailed the three announcements of more one-off events below which you might be interested in. Versions of these posters, which you can download, if you wish to click the links, circulate yourself to your own group’s members or wish to book up, can be found in our blog and website versions of this email.

Peregrini Landscape Partnership Conference

The download-able version of this poster can be found here.

Tyne and Wear Heritage Forum: 2nd Annual Conference
We have been told that the Tyne & Wear Heritage Forum’s event this year will be on Saturday, May 13th 2017, at the Wallsend Memorial Hall. Further information on this day will be available soon.

Hexham Abbey Day School
Members will recount that some of our previous AGMs have been held at Hexham which covered plans for further display and interpretation of the buildings of the abbey. Looking further ahead – to July this time. You will notice, however, that there are advantages in planning ahead as an early bird discount (till the end of March) is offered.


Once again we’ve included a download-able version of this for you – this can be found here as Hexham day school. This includes the booking form on the second page of what is evidently designed to be as a folded leaflet as well.

We were sent details of this last event by Chris Tolan-Smith and Jo Shoebridge; please feel free to let us any information that you may want publicising as well.

An A, B and C of archaeology across CBA North

CBA North News

Another month comes, as does another CBA North email. This time round we have another range from across the CBA North region of what is happening and has happened. We take our prompts today from our own initials with announcements for a coffee morning (complete with archaeological display) and a report on the Coniston Copper project for the ‘C’s, an announcement for an Alpine axeheads lecture as well as a note from the Arbeia Society for the ‘A’s.

Where the ‘B’ you might well ask? That is the behind the scenes ‘busy’ that Committee are in preparing such emails, as well as our own events in April and May, for you. We hope that you will also be busy in attending these events of your own and other local groups. Hopefully the next CBA North email will be out to you by this time next week with some further news.

Nonetheless our best wishes,

CBA North Committee, 06.02.2017

TillVAS Coffee Morning
[The weekend coming up has two events; this is the first of the two posters for you – Ed].

The Coniston Copper Project: Penny Rigg
[Members will recall that we put out a call for volunteers for this project during the summer of last year. This article, contributed by Penny Middleton of Northern Archaeological Associates, details the work carried out so far, Ed.]

“In August 2016 local volunteers from the Lake District National Park, working together with specialists from Northern Archaeological Associates (NAA), undertook a survey of the remains of Penny Rigg copper mill, near Coniston (NGR NY 30656 00695). The mill is prime example of a single-phase, medium-sized, ore dressing and processing plant, associated with Tilberthwaite copper mine. The project was funded by the HLF as part of the Coniston Copper Project; a two-year programme administered by the Lake District National Park Authority (LDNPA), which aims to engage the local people in the history and conservation of the areas’ nationally important mining heritage.


The view across the site
 
Tilberthwaite copper mine was first worked under the auspices of the Mines Royal, during the in the Elizabethan period but mined only sporadically after this until taken over by John Barratt, former manager at the nearby Coniston copper mine, in the mid-19th century. Barratt drove a new adit – Horse Crag Level – 1,039 yard (950m) from Penny Rigg to Tilberthwaite to intersect the valuable North Vein. This was intended to improve both transportation and drainage to the mine, and was anticipated to take seven years at a cost of £3,000. However, from the outset the venture was beset with problems, eventually taking 10 years to complete at an undisclosed cost considerably which was significantly over the original initial estimate.
 
Ore from the mine was loaded onto wagons and brought through Horse Level to Penny Rigg, where Barratt and his partners invested in the construction of a new copper mill. Here the ore was sorted, crushed and processed before being sent for smelting. Work on the mill is believed to have begun in 1864 and completed by 1867-68 but it did not remain in operation long, closing soon after the sale of the mine in 1875. The mill later re-opened briefly in the early 1890s, but closed again in 1892, after which the plant was dismantled and the wheel sold for scrap.


The remains of the crushing mill 

Today, the 1.5ha site comprises the semi-ruinous remains a number of buildings – the crusher house and dressing mill, smithy and powder house – as well as various terraces, two settling ponds, leats, holding pond, spoil tips and tracks, all of which are overlain in part by later quarry waste. The entrance to the Horse Crag Level remains visible and the tunnel has recently been cleared by the Cumbria Amenity Trust Mining History Society (CATMHS), although it is unsafe to access without appropriate equipment and supervision. To the north of the site are the expansive remains of Penny Rigg (Horse Crag) quarry, worked commercially since the mid-18th century.


Rectified photographic survey using a total station

The aim of the community survey was twofold. Firstly, to engage local volunteers in the history and conservation of the site through providing practical, hands-on training, and secondly, to prepare a detailed analytical survey (Historic England Level 2/3) of the surface earthworks and structures. The latter was required to inform a subsequent phase of building conservation. A comprehensive record of the complex was made comprising a topographic, earthwork and building survey. The focus was on ensuring the volunteers received a firm grounding in traditional survey skills – plane table, tape and offset – which could be easily transferred to other mining sites in the area. The use of aerial drones, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), reflectorless total station theodolites (REDM), and rectified photography were also demonstrated.
 
A full copy of the report can be downloaded for free from the NAA website, or contact Penny Middleton at pm@naaheritage.com. If you interested in taking part in the Coniston Copper Project then please contact Eleanor Kingston at Eleanor.Kingston@lakedistrict.gov.uk or check the project website at http://www.lakedistrict.gov.uk/learning/archaeologyhistory/coniston-copper for details. Further survey work is planned for March at the site of Low Mill Bonsor for three weeks.


Plane table surveying 1

NAA would like to thank all the volunteers who took part for their enthusiasm and dedication throughout the three-week project. We are also indebted to CBA North and the Archaeological and Architectural Society of Durham and Northumberland for the loan of the plane table, and to Warren Allison and his colleagues at CATMHS for their knowledge, advice and support”.


Plane table survey 2

Local group round-up: The Arbeia Society
Paul Bidwell has sent us this small snippet on The Arbeia Society whose annual conference we publicised last year;

“The Society, apart from its re-enactment group, confines itself at present to arranging the annual conference and its publications, including the Arbeia Journal, but a range of new activities are being planned”.

[We look forward to hearing of those events, Ed.]

Alpine axeheads announcement
[As the second announcement for the weekend coming, here is the poster for the next lecture of our group member the ‘Arch & Arch’. This lecture covers these axes which have been found across Britain and Europe, but will also note their comparative rarity and the science that allows the axes to be traced to source, Ed.].

Other Events This Week
Other events this week also include;

6 February – Celts, Fraser Hunter [BAS]
8 February – Excavations at Hepden Burn and Kyloe Shin, John Nolan and Richard Carlton [CCA]
8 February – Prehistoric Life and Death at Lochinver, Philippa Cockburn [NAG]
9 February – The Prehistoric Origins of the A1(M), Dr Blaise Vyner [APPLEBY]
10 February – The Clayton Archaeological Collection, Frances McIntosh [WCAS]
13 February – The Neolithic in the North-West: What makes this region different?, Gill Hey [LUNESDALE]

Contact details for each of these local societies and groups can be found through our own website pages if you have any questions regarding their times and venues.

The Birley Lecture – tonight at Durham

CBA North News

A short email to let you know of the lecture below; we’ve been assembling things for later this month, as well as next and indeed next year as well for ‘bumper issues’. That said if you’d like to report things of the past year or announce anything for the future, please feel free to send it in (ideally with a picture or two\) and we can slot that in as well.

Best wishes,

CBA North Committee
22.11.2016

The Birley Lecture – tonight at Durham
.

Short notice of these events this week

CBA North News

Some short notice of other events happening this week for you here. Contact details for these events are given for responding directly with the organisers. Notices of other events will come your way, as planned, later in the month as well.

Best wishes,

CBA North Committee
05.10.2016

Historic Gardens of Durham

This talk is Friday and is organised by the Bow Trust. If you would like to attend please RSVP to membership@thebowtrust.co.uk – non-members will be asked to make a small donation to cover catering costs.

Exploring Classical/Historical Northumbria: a programme of trips

Dear everyone,

Throughout 2016/17 we shall again be running a series of trips exploring Newcastle and the surrounding area: often asking “What’s Classical about Newcastle and Northumbria?” but also exploring the area’s considerable and colourful post- (and occasionally pre-) classical history. Costs are kept low: travel is normally by public transport (generally very good value) and for most sites free entry will be arranged, often under special educational group schemes.

This year’s programme will include star attraction Hadrian’s Wall (twice!), Wallington Hall, Alnwick, Warkworth & Brancepeth Castles, Hexham and many others, including hopefully Holy Island/Lindisfarne (tides permitting!)….

For a few glimpses of what the trips are like, you can have a look at the following web-page:

http://www.ncl.ac.uk/historical/students/studentlife/ExploringNorthumbria.htm

Our first trip is *this coming Sunday*, 9th Oct., to Arbeia Roman Fort at South Shields: details to follow.

Programme for term 1:
1. **Sunday 9th October**: Arbeia Roman Fort, South Shields (afternoon)
Details to follow, but briefly: depart Haymarket Metro 12.30 p.m., return c. 5 p.m.

2. Sunday 23rd October: Wallington Hall (afternoon)
•       fine Palladian country house and gardens (partly designed by Capability Brown) reflecting the neo-classical ideas and ideals of the 18th century;
•       under Lady Pauline Trevelyan, 19th-C focus of an intellectual and artistic circle who left their mark in the remarkable painted Roman-style atrium at the heart of the house, and also in English literature and in the radical liberal politics of the day;
•      impressive house interior – including collection of model armies and fully-furnished dolls’ houses!

3. Sunday 13th November:  Hadrian’s Wall 1: Walltown Crags and Greenhead (all day, returning late afternoon/early evening)
•       An introduction to the Wall: a circular walk along one of its most dramatic stretches from Walltown Quarry.  Wet weather alternative in Roman Army Museum!
•       Greenhead village and ruins of Thirlwall Castle with its legends of buried treasure and a magical dwarf!

4. Sunday 27th November:  Brancepeth castle and church (afternoon)
•       Impressive stronghold dating from pre-Norman times, home to the powerful Neville family (of Warwick the Kingmaker fame); not normally accessible to the public, but open on this occasion for a Christmas craft fair!
•       historic church, gathering point for ill-fated 16thC ‘Rising of the North’.

5. Sunday 4th December (provisional):  Hexham town and Abbey (afternoon)
•       Hexham: historic town with striking medieval buildings and links to a major battle in the Wars of the Roses
•       Impressive Abbey dating back to c. 674 AD, with original Saxon crypt constructed from recycled Roman stones.

To come in terms 2 and 3: in progress, but including:

Hadrian’s Wall 2 (May Day Bank Holiday Monday)
Bamburgh
Alnwick
Warkworth
Hopefully (tides permitting!) Holy Island/Lindisfarne

Details are circulated by e-mail, on the website and via social media as the term goes along.  Everyone is welcome including friends from other Schools or even outside the university.  You can just turn up on the day, but it is useful for me to have a rough idea of numbers, so when you receive news of each trip please do e-mail me in advance if you are definitely interested.

With all best wishes,
(Dr) S. Phillippo

Please contact Dr Phillippo direct through her email address susanna.phillippo@ncl.ac.uk if you are interested in attending any of these events.

October 2016’s calendar of regular society events
3 October – Depicting the Dead: an insight into craniofacial analysis for forensic identification and archaeological investigation, Dr Eilidh Ferguson [BAS]
8 October – Death on the Nile: Uncovering Lives and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt [NEAES]
9 October – Bosworth 1485, Dr Glenn Foard [TILLVAS]
13 October – Mapping the Medieval Landscape of Cumbria, Dr Caron Newman [APPLEBY]
16 October – David Dippie Dixon Memorial Lectures: William Boyd and Controversy as well as Neanderthal Hunting and animal avoidance strategies, Professor Mark White [CCA]
19 October – The archaeology of St John Lateran and the transformation of Rome from Septimius Severus to Constantine, Professor Ian Haynes [ARCH & ARCH]
25 October – Children of the Revolution, Dr Becky Gowland [TAS]
26 October – Kirkharle, Rothley and Alnwick: the three Northumberland landscapes of Capability Brown, Nick Owen [SANT]

Details as to times and venues for all these events can be found in our Local Societies and Groups page (‘https://cbanorth.wordpress.com/local-societies-and-groups/‘) of our website.

Putting flesh on the bare bones of history

CBA North News

Another month has all too quickly passed by, but all that means is another month of lectures and events to look forward to as well. This email is something of a bumper issue of notices for forthcoming events – kicking off on the 3rd with others again in the forthcoming weeks. Once again these are spread across the region, and a bit further beyond, dealing with subjects and locations familiar as well as distant in time and space.

As of yesterday’s Committee meeting it was thought that if anyone, or any local groups, would like to report their own news or announce their forthcoming events to a wider audience across the whole of the CBA North region, please send us such information and material (ideally with a picture or two).

We already have notices of other further events in October, as well as two events – outside of the usual society regular events – for November (which we will aim to send out later this month).

Best wishes,

CBA North Committee
02.10.2016

Depicting the Dead
Lectures put flesh on the bare bones of history – and this one of BAS does more than most.

Dr Eilidh Ferguson studied Forensic Anthropology at the University of Dundee before a PhD in juvenile facial identification. She is currently working as a postdoctoral research assistant studying adult facial identification from photographic images and is a Royal Anthropological Institute certified forensic anthropologist involved in forensic casework both in the UK and abroad.

The region is very familiar with anatomical and osteoarchaeological research as the illustration from William Greenwell’s British Barrows shows.

Death on the Nile
Death is also the subject of the North East Ancient Egypt Society’s mini-study in Durham next Saturday, 8 October, as well. In this case a series of three speakers will be dealing with coffin types and decoration. See the NEAES website for more details. This is free to members, but for non-members this will be £5.

Bosworth 1485
The full reconstruction of an archaeological battlefield may, however, be a little way off yet. However the rediscovery of one – Bosworth in Leicestershire – itself is the subject of the next Till Valley Archaeological Society lecture next weekend.

IA Rhouses

The work in relocating this battlefield, previously thought known, is very like TillVAS’s own involvement in the Flodden500 project. Details for booking a place at this lecture are given above, but visitors are welcome to any of the other TillVAS regular lectures to December that are already listed in our Events website page.

Resuming regular local society lectures
Hard on the heels of these events the lectures of the Northumberland Archaeological Group (NAG) resume in Newcastle on the 12th October when Rob Young will talk on ‘Excavations at Derwentcote: a Study in Nineteenth Century Workers’ Housing’, whilst the first of the Appleby Archaeology Group when other local fieldwork ‘Mapping the Medieval landscape of Cumbria’ by Dr Caron Newman will be the following day in Appleby.

The further events of these both these groups – in the case of the Appleby Archaeology Group up to April 2017 – can also be found in our Events (‘https://cbanorth.wordpress.com/events/‘) page of the website.

October 2016’s calendar of regular society events
3 October – Depicting the Dead: an insight into craniofacial analysis for forensic identification and archaeological investigation, Dr Eilidh Ferguson [BAS]
8 October – Death on the Nile: Uncovering Lives and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt [NEAES]
9 October – Bosworth 1485, Dr Glenn Foard [TILLVAS]
13 October – Mapping the Medieval Landscape of Cumbria, Dr Caron Newman [APPLEBY]
16 October – David Dippie Dixon Memorial Lectures: William Boyd and Controversy as well as Neanderthal Hunting and animal avoidance strategies, Professor Mark White [CCA]
19 October – The archaeology of St John Lateran and the transformation of Rome from Septimius Severus to Constantine, Professor Ian Haynes [ARCH & ARCH]
25 October – Children of the Revolution, Dr Becky Gowland [TAS]
26 October – Kirkharle, Rothley and Alnwick: the three Northumberland landscapes of Capability Brown, Nick Owen [SOCANTS]

Details as to times and venues for all these events can be found in our Local Societies and Groups page of the website.

Archaeology – like London buses

CBA North News

This is the first full week of September – and what a full week it turns out to be!

Three local archaeological groups across the CBA North region start their lecture series for 2016 to 2017 this week, so like London buses (and more) nothing happens and then so much does. We’ve listed all the regular archaeological group events that we know of.

Details for each local society can be found in the pages of our website which will give you the details of venues and times of the meetings. There are other events again happening this September, and indeed other events have already happened, which we hope to report upon later.

Best wishes,

CBA North Committee
04.09.2016

September Events
5 September – Mortuary Archaeology, Dr Myra Giesen [BAS]
7 September – Medieval Highlands and Islands, David Caldwell [TILLVAS]
8 September – Remote Sensing, David Astbury [CCA]
14 September – Artefacts from the Slave Trade, Dr Jane Webster [CCA]
17 September – Excavations at St Botolph’s Chapel, Frosterley, Paul Frodsham [ARCH & ARCH]
27 September – Street House before the Saxons, Steve Sherlock [TAS]
28 September – From Tyneside to Fratricide: north-easterners in the Spanish Civil War, Lewis Mates [SANT]